Now, let’s start the chord triad spelling game. The first chord of the G major scale is the G major chord, which is spelled with three “every-other-letters: G B D. This first chord of the G major scale is symbolized by Harmony Numeral I (one). Figure 3.
Here’s another fun game, find the hidden picture. In other words, find the hidden chord! Do you see the circle 6-1 G major chord hidding within the circle 6-2 G major scale? Here is something interesting. Even though there are only three lettes, this chord has six sounds. Figure 4.
And now, a bit of the rules that was mentioned earlier. Since the G major chord begins on the tone 1 (also known as the root and tonic) of the G Major scale, it is called the I (one) major chord. Scale degrees tone numbers: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 symbolize single pitches. In contrast, harmony numerals: I ii iii IV V vi viib5 symbolize groups of pitches called chords or arpeggios. Chord tones are played at the same time and arpeggio tones are played one at a time with no sustain. The harmonies I, IV and V are major, while the ii, iii and vi are minor. The viib5 is a minor flat five. Traditional music theory calls harmony seven of the major scale: diminished.
Now, let’s proceed. In the key of G major, the ii minor chord is A minor (Am, A C E) and is shown in circle 6-3. Figures 5 and 6.
The iii minor chord is B minor (Bm, B D #F) shown in circle 5-1. Figures 7 and 8.
The IV major chord is C major (C E G) also in circle 5-1. Figures 9 and 10.
The V major chord is D major (D F# A) in circle 5-4. Figures 11 and 12.
The vi minor chord is E minor (Em, E G B) in circle 4-1. Figures 13 and 14.
And finally, the viib5 minor flat five chord is F#mb5 (F#mb5, F# A C) in circle 6-1 and circle 4-1. As we previously said, traditional theory calls this a diminished triad. Figures 15, 16 and 17.
As you can now see, all
the chords of the G major scale, or any scale for that matter, are within one fret of any other chord
. You can’t get any closer, or faster, than that!
So, ’til next time, have some fun playing closer and faster chord changes… I’ll be listening!